Canadian dairy farmers are some of the most impacted Canadian workers. Canada has been forced to open up 3.25% of it’s dairy market and 2% of the egg and poultry market. The Harper government offered 4.3 billion to compensate – admitting the extent of losses Canadians will be facing.This is a loss to consumers since TPP would allow milk with bovine growth hormone into Canada – US milk may be mixed with Canadian milk. Further, this is 4.3 billion of tax payers money that isn’t going into health, education or public transport but going to prop up an agricultural economy that was working perfectly well before. The newly elected Liberal government is not bound to follow through with the 4.3 billion the Harper government promised.

Rather unfairly, the trade deal would not offer Canadian dairy products any new international markets. So, more imports would mean a smaller Canadian industry. This does not dismantle the supply management system, but shrinks it.

American negotiators favour a “tonne for tonne” approach: each tonne given up to new imports would require a tonne of exports to somewhere else; in this case, Canada. Since U.S. industry is about 10 times the size of Canada’s, a tonne there is less significant to the overall U.S. picture than a tonne in Canada. “To me, that’s not a level playing field,” Leduc says. Ref

Jeffrey Simpson, The Globe and Mail’s national affairs columnist, writes: “Only time will tell if the TPP benefits outweigh the losses. Free-trade deals are excessively praised and criticized. Their virtues are never quite as great as advocates insist; their liabilities are never as evident as detractors claim. So it will be with the Trans-Pacific Partnership. On balance, the TPP will benefit the 12 countries signing on, including Canada, because the economics of free trade are such that over time aggregate benefits outweigh losses. Over time, however, can mean decades.” Ref

Summary: it make take years to know if Canada benefit financially by the TPP. However, we are sure about our losses in dispute settlements, because they are already rolling out under NAFTA and can only increase with Canada’s doors open to more countries that can sue. We are also sure of the costs of having to revamp our internet rules, the loss to Canada’s citizens of Internet freedom, and pharmaceutical cost increases due to the extended patent rules.


Reported in the CBC: “Jacques Daoust is among those eastern-province ministers in Atlanta pushing against any relaxation of dairy protections. “I don’t know too many jurisdictions in the world that don’t assist their agriculture sector — because the first responsibility of a government is to feed its population,” Daoust said in an interview. “To say, ‘No, we’re feeding our people from another jurisdiction’ — that would be a little surprising.” Ref